After working in advertising for 15 years, Gerald Gladstone (1929–2005) decided to devote himself full-time to art. Although he had no formal art education, he had a major career that included a number of solo and group exhibitions. He is best known, however, for his numerous public art projects. For example, in 1972, he produced the fountain-sculpture Female Landscape, installed in the esplanade of Place Ville-Marie, in Montréal. Four years later, he created Universal Man, a 6.5-metre tall bronze sculpture, for the CN Tower in Toronto.